World Wide Fund for Nature (formerly referred to as World Wildlife Fund), a non-profit organization, officially founded in 1961 in Gland. Switzerland. 50 years have passed since then. Now, the affiliates and offices of WWF spread to over 100 countries and regions all over the world. ln addition. WWF has worked together with the governments of various countries, non-profit organizations as well as transnational institutions to build an international network for cooperation. Through environmental conservations, ecological footprints, educational projects and collaborations with various parties, WWF puts forward solutions and encourages people on the earth to welcome change with action, so as to achieve the working objectives of “stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment” and “build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature”.
WWF has also strongly supported the development of environment protection in Macao. For example, in 2003, when the Macao Ecological Society was still at its early stage. WWF provided the assistance in research and training. They jointly organized “Seminar on Wetland Ecosystems of Hong Kong and Macao”, “International Seminar on Conservation of Migration Network of East Asia-Australia” and “Scientific Research Activity Concerning General Investigation of Birds in the World”. Through these activities, WWF aims to assist Macao to promote the level of scientific research concerning its environment protection and offer opportunities for Macao to keep pace with international scientific techniques concerning environment protection.
To protect wild animals and plants and to preserve the earth means to protect ourselves. Therefore, Macao Post by issuing 50th Anniversary of WWP’ intends to introduce local birds to Macao’s citizens and strive to contribute a living Earth.
Light-vented Bu Ihul (Pycnonotus sinensis)
Light-vented Bulbul has been listed in the “Lists of Terrestrial Wildlife under State Protection, which are Beneficial or of important Economic or Scientific Value”. It can be found in Eurasia, North Africa, Indo-China Peninsula, the Yangize River Valley (Basin) of China as well as the vast area of south of Yangtze River and the Pacific Islands. Distinctive traits: The part between the forehead and the top of head is black; a white annulus occipital is formed between the part above the two eyes and the occiput; there is a white spot behind the ear coverts; the upper portion of body is of dust color or olive grey and with green-yellow feather edge; the chin and larynx are white and the chest is of dust color: the belly is white and with green-yellow longitudinal striations. It likes to dwell in hills, hedgerows in flatland as well as thickets in elevations. Sometimes it can be found in coniferous forest. It is vivacious in nature and its birdcall is varied. It falls into the category of polyphagia. It not only eats insects, but also eats vegetative foods, such as cherry, Chinese tallow tree and grape.
During the mating season, it becomes almost insectivorous. This point is of significant meaning in the protection of plants.
Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis)
Spotted Dove has been listed in the “Lists of Terrestrial Wildlife under State Protection, which are Beneficial or of Important Economic or Scientific Value”. It can be found in the wide woodlands, agricultural areas and urban areas, etc. in South Asia as well as countries and regions such as India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Burma, Indo-China Peninsula, Indonesia, Australia and the United States.
Distinctive traits: The head is pigeon grey; the upper portion of body is brown: the lower portion of body is pink; the hind neck is black:
The part above the hind neck is studded with speckles formed by white and small spots; the tail is lengthy: the outer feather is black and tan; the edge is white; the beak is darkish brown: the leg is red. lt is a typical tricolors bird. Its habitat is relatively stable. It generally seeks for foods in meadow and farmland. Its main foods include fruits, grains and the seeds of other plants. Sometimes it also preys on insects.
Yellow Bittern (Ixobrvchus sinensis)
Yellow Bittern can be found in Eurasia, North Africa, India, the southwest part and southeast coastal area of China as well as the Pacific Islands. Distinctive traits: The head and neck are black: the hind neck and back are tawny; the belly and wings are earthy yellow.
Ii inhabits in the swamp lands, reeds and leaf of cattail along the mud ponds, lakes and rivers or shrub and tussock on the edge of paddy fields, etc. It builds its nest on the medium and upper parts of leaf of cattail or the edge of reeds near water. It preys on fish, shrimps, frogs and aquatic insects.
Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis)
Greater Coucal falls into the category 2 of wildlife national protection. Due to excessive hunting and habitat destruction, etc., the feral population of Greater Coucal has dropped drastically. It has been listed in the “China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals” and ranked as one of the susceptible species. It can be found in various provinces and autonomous regions of south of the Yangtze River Valley (Basin) of China as well as India, Sri Lanka, the Philippines and Indonesia, etc. Distinctive traits: Body feathers are almost completely black: only the upper back, wings and wing coverts are purely chestnut red: the beak and leg are black. It likes forest fringe, brushwood of secondary origin, riverside with lots of reeds and mangroves. It usually inhabits in low hills as well as the forest fringe, savanna, brushwood in river valley, tussock as well as reeds in flat areas. It mainly eats insects. lt also preys on invertebrates as well as snakes, lizards, mouse, birds’ eggs and squabs, etc.
Author: Ho Wai Tim
President of Macau Ecological Society
Translation: C&C — Translation Centre, Ud.
The Souvenir Sheet:
The FDC with Stamps:
The FDC with Souvenir Sheet:
The Post Mark:
Dados Técnicos/Technical Data
Valor dos Selos/Stamps Value: set of four stamps of 1.50, 2.50, 3.50 and 4.50 Patacas
Folhas Miniatura com quatro séries/Minisheets with four sets
Valor do Bloco/Souvenir Sheet Value: with a complete set of stamps at 12.00 Patacas
Desenho/Design: Macao Post
Data emissão/Issue date: 11.09.2011
Impressor/Printer: Joh. Enschedé Security Print, Netherlands
Impressão/Print: Offset Lithography
Papel/Paper: Paper with Security Fibers
Picotagem/Perforation: 14 x 13¼